Author Topic: New Zealand Weather Summary for 1934  (Read 691 times)

Offline Sheldybett

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New Zealand Weather Summary for 1934
« on: June 06, 2019, 06:34:45 PM »
SUMMARY OF THE WEATHER FOR 1934.

January was a cold and stormy month. The distribution of rainfall was irregular. Most of Canterbury had very heavy rains, which did much good to crops and pastures. Nelson and Marlborough, which had been suffering from a prolonged drought, again had a very dry month. In the North Island also, apart from Taranaki and the South Taranaki Bight, the rainfall was much below average. There were numerous thunder and had storms, the latter being responsible for much local damage in Canterbury. A frost on the 23rd also did considerable damage, particularly in Nelson.

February was another cold month. Most of the North Island experienced very heavy rains, floods occurring in North Auckland, the Bay of Plenty, and Hawke's Bay. In the South Island, Nelson and Marlborough continued to experience the most severe drought on record. On the West Coast the month was a particularly dry and fine one. Elsewhere, though in some parts the rainfall was low, conditions were very humid.

March.—Towards the end of this month the drought was broken in Nelson and Marlborough. In the remainder of the South Island the rainfall was erratic in distribution, but generally fairly high. The North Island had very much less than usual. Temperatures remained below normal, but there was little wind.

April was a mild month, with an absence of strong winds. Though rainfall was below average in most districts, the atmosphere was damp and cloudy. A severe frost occurred on the 13th. On the 25th the mountain ranges received a considerable snowfall.

May.—Rainfall was below average over most of the North Island, while in most of the South, and especially Canterbury, the month was a very wet one. Temperatures were below normal, and in the. South Island there was much cloudy weather. Though most of the month was quiet, there were two rather severe storms. Between the 3rd and the 5th a deep cyclone moved southward from Cape Maria van Diemen across the North Island to Banks Peninsula. It caused north easterly gales and heavy general rains. There was much flooding in the Auckland Province, and Little River (on Banks Peninsula) had a flood of catastrophic proportions. During the second storm, from the 15th to the 17th, there were very severe north-westerly gales. Southerly gales followed, and there were very widespread snow and had storms. A tornado was experienced at New Plymouth on the 17th.

June was a rather cold and sunless month, but until the last few days there was little wind. Rainfall was, on the whole, somewhat above normal. The wet conditions interfered with farming operations in Canterbury. Stormy weather was experienced on the 27th and 28th, culminating in a very cold spell with wide spread snow and had storms.

July.—North Auckland, Otago and Southland, and districts about Cook Strait, had more than the average rainfall. Elsewhere there was less than usual, the deficits being particularly large in Canterbury. Temperatures were below normal. There were further heavy and extensive falls of snow on the 3rd and 4th.

August.—Apart from two severe cold snaps, accompanied by widespread snow falls, the month was mild and springlike. Rainfall was much above the average in the South Island, but, on the whole, rather below it in the North.

September.—A rather severe cold spell occurred from the 10th to the 12th, but otherwise the weather was mild and pleasant. The greater part of it was dry, but practically all parts of the country received good rains at some period. There was vigorous growth of vegetation, and the spring season was unusually far advanced.

October.—The first two days were cold, but after that the weather was fairly mild and equable, with less westerly wind than usual. The rainfall distribution was rather irregular, but except in eastern districts of the North Island there was no shortage of moisture. On the whole, October was one of the best spring months the country has experienced. There was a wonderful flush of growth of grass and vegetation.

November was a remarkable month. It was almost continuously warm, and resembled a summer rather than a spring month. There was little wind, and sunshine was much above the average. It was the driest November experienced for many years, especially in the South Island.

December was even more remarkable than November. Not only was it the warmest December on record, but the average departures from normal over the country have never previously been equalled in any month. Again there was continuous warmth and an absence of wind. Many places had the greatest amount of sunshine hitherto recorded in December. North Auckland, which had had a wet month in November, also had some exceptionally heavy rains and severe floods. Almost everywhere else the month was drier even than November.

Year.— Rainfall was much above the average in North Auckland, but below it over almost the whole of the remainder of the North Island. In the South Island, districts which get most of their rain in winds from a westerly quarter had a dry year, but in the eastern half the totals were generally above average. On the whole, as regards rainfall, it was a better year than the preceding four.

Mean temperatures for the year were almost everywhere above normal, though departures from normal were very slight on the cast coast and in the Bay of Plenty area. In parts of the western districts and the interior of the South Island they amounted to just over 1° F. The relatively high means were, however, completely accounted for by the very high temperatures which prevailed in November and December. With the exception of April, the first seven months were cold. The warmth in April was extremely important, since it ensured supplies of winter feed for stock, prospects for which, in parts of the South Island at any rate, had previously appeared very uncertain. The spring was mild and the growth of pasture luxurious. Stock had a good year, though at the end dairy cattle were falling away and the milk-yield decreasing. The lambing season was excellent. Crops generally were fair. The 1934–35 season was one of small numbers and large fruit so far as apples were concerned, while the wheat crop was short through the wet ground in winter preventing a certain amount of sowing. The white butterfly spread farther over the South Island and was responsible for much damage.

THE NEW ZEALAND OFFICIAL YEAR-BOOK, 1936.


Sheldybett

Offline Rwood

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Re: New Zealand Weather Summary for 1934
« Reply #1 on: June 06, 2019, 08:49:52 PM »
Overall another sunny year with an exceptional November and December. But Waimate's January sunshine was extremely low.

Offline Sheldybett

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Re: New Zealand Weather Summary for 1934
« Reply #2 on: June 07, 2019, 05:17:52 PM »
Well indeed, with January temperature being low by how much departure?

Offline Rwood

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Re: New Zealand Weather Summary for 1934
« Reply #3 on: June 07, 2019, 08:12:50 PM »

January 1934 was 1.89C below the 1981-2010 average, so still 0.7C warmer than January 1939. Waimate's sun total of 99 hours should be regarded as suspect. Sunshine was below normal from Dunedin to North Canterbury (but not in inland in the Mackenzie) but elsewhere normal or a little above average.


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