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Author Topic: New Zealand Weather Summary for 1933  (Read 604 times)

Offline Sheldybett

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New Zealand Weather Summary for 1933
« on: June 06, 2019, 06:29:40 PM »
SUMMARY OF THE WEATHER FOR 1933.

January was a warm and sunny month with little wind. There were several days on which numbers of places in the South Island recorded temperatures over 90° F. Rainfall conditions were rather variable, but, on the whole, the totals were below average. There was, however, a good deal of humid weather. Thunderstorms were unusually frequent.

February was very windy. Temperatures were high, but without any very extreme values. Except in the low-lying portions of eastern districts the rainfall was very heavy. The wet weather interfered with haymaking and harvesting, and the strong north-westerly winds did some damage to crops. Sunshine was below normal. Thunderstorms were again numerous and severe. On the night of the 14th and the morning of the 15th lightning caused almost unprecedented damage to telephone, telegraph, and power-lines from North Canterbury to southern Wellington.

March.—In March the weather was very dry, warm, and sunny. Scorching north-westerly winds accentuated the dry conditions in eastern parts of the South Island. Root crops and pastures suffered considerably from the activities of insect pests or their larva. Extremely heavy rainfall in the central portion of the North Island caused sudden and very severe flooding in the National Park and the upper tributaries of the Wanganui River. Serious damage occurred in Taumarunui.

April.—The first part of April was fine and mild, but in the latter half there were frequent boisterous winds from a westerly or south-westerly quarter. Unusually cold weather was experienced on the 23rd and 24th. Heavy snow reached to low levels on the mountains, and frosts were widespread and rather severe. The continued dry weather was causing considerable anxiety regarding winter feed in many parts of the eastern districts. Stock continued to maintain good condition. though milk-yields fell rapidly after the 23rd.

May was a dull and -wet month. The first part was cold and rather stormy. but the remainder was relatively mild. This, fortunately, permitted a certain amount of growth in pastures, thus easing the situation as regards winter feed, especially in Canterbury. Severe floods occurred in the Hawke's Bay and Poverty Bay districts on the 25th, and the Manawatu River also overflowed.

June.—Southerly or south-easterly winds and very cold weather prevailed in June. Though rainfall was far less than the average, there was much dull, damp, and showery weather. Root crops and pastures were holding out better than anticipated.

July.—In this month also there was much dull weather and a persistence of southerly winds. Sunshine was below normal, especially in eastern districts. Nevertheless, temperatures were mild for the time of year. A certain amount of growth still continued in pastures, and the feed-shortage in the eastern districts of the South Island, which had experienced a prolonged spell of dry weather, never became very serious.

August was an excellent winter month. There was an unusual absence of days of severe cold. snow, hail, &c. Crops and pastures were looking well and stock had kept good condition. Canterbury and Marlborough continued to experience very low rainfalls.

September was similar to August. In most districts precipitation was far below the average, but fortunately the country can safely dispense with much of its winter rain. An excellent lambing-season was experienced. The amount of bright sunshine was above the normal.

October proved to be another very dry month. The first twenty days were mild, but very cold weather followed. Between the night of the 20th and the morning of the 23rd there were unusually heavy and widespread snowfalls. Severe frosts followed the snowfalls in the various districts, and much damage was done. The orchards in Central Otago and at Stoke, near Nelson, suffered badly. In Marl-borough and Nelson the continued dearth of rain and the cold weather combined to make the position very difficult for the agriculturist.

November was relatively quiet. Southerly winds again predominated, and mean temperatures were generally below normal. Hard frosts occurred on the 22nd and 23rd, and orchards in eastern districts from Hawke's Bay southward again suffered severely. The rainfall was better distributed than in previous months, and good falls in Canterbury saved the situation there as regards crops. Stock continued to do very well. Nelson and Marlborough experienced no relief from the dry conditions which had reigned for so long.

December.—The first half of December was very dry and warm. Though good rains fell thereafter, pastures had at the end of the month the dry and browned appearance characteristic of midsummer. The drought conditions were somewhat relieved in Nelson and Marlborough, but the rains were too late to save large areas of crops and sales of fat stock had been much reduced. For the first time for several months, sunshine considerably exceeded the average. The stormy conditions in the latter part of the month were responsible for a cold Christmas, with rain, thunder, and hailstorms, and a heavy fall of snow on the mountains. Similar weather was experienced from the 28th to the 30th. On this occasion the southerly gale was one of the worst experienced for main- years, and, in the north-eastern portion of the North Island, probably the worst known. The frequent hailstorms caused much damage to crops in Canterbury.

Year.—The year as a whole, though the average departure was rather less than half a degree, was rather warmer than normal. This effect was shown fairly uniformly throughout the country, but at coastal stations the differences from normal were generally very small, and on the east coast of the South Island chiefly negative. The relatively high temperatures were a welcome change after the preceding four years, each of which had been cold.

The distribution of rainfall was very irregular. On the average the year was a dry one, especially in the more densely settled areas. Most of the Thames, Waikato, southern Hawke's Bay, Wellington, Nelson, Marlborough, and Canterbury districts had considerably loss than normal. It was a particularly dry year in southern and eastern Marlborough. In places the totals were the lowest ever recorded, and in some cases amounted to less than half the average. The majority of the Auckland Peninsula, the northern Hawke's Bay. and the Poverty Bay districts, parts of the South Taranaki Bight, and most of Otago and Southland had falls rather above the average. On the west coast of the South Island conditions varied greatly. In most places more than usual was recorded, but in Southern Westland the reverse was the case. At Lake Kanieri there was an excess of almost 100 in., while Milford Sound had a total of nearly 314 in. Though the year was not so dry as its three predecessors, the only really wet months were February and May.

Once more the year, meteorologically speaking, was a good one for the primary producer. The winter was exceptionally mild, with an absence of severe conditions of all kinds.

THE NEW ZEALAND OFFICIAL YEAR-BOOK, 1935


Sheldybett

Offline Rwood

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Re: New Zealand Weather Summary for 1933
« Reply #1 on: June 06, 2019, 08:51:09 PM »
One of the run of relatively dry years from 1930-35 inclusive.


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